Joy Efron
Joy R. Efron, Ed.D.

During the eight years since I wrote Surviving Recovery from Macular Hole Surgery, in 2009, there have been many changes in medical theory, practice, and treatment for macular holes and I have been contacted by dozens of people worldwide.

This updated series addresses advances in treating macular holes, recovery suggestions, and important issues facing patients during recovery.

Also see Suggested Resources for more information about helpful products and organizations, as well as the author’s contact information.

A Disclaimer

I was an educator of blind and visually impaired children for 42 years. Although I have read and researched a great deal and have had extensive discussions with retinal specialists, I am not an ophthalmologist or a medical doctor.